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Recombinant Human IL-18

B001-5
Cytokine
25 µg

$337.73

DATA SHEET

TargetIL-18
Product TypeCytokine
Species ReactivityHuman
Research AreaImmunology
Description/Background<p>Interleukin 18 (IL-18) is an 18-kDa cytokine which identified as a costimulatory factor for production of interferon- (IFN-gamma) in response to toxic shock and shares functional similarities with IL-12. IL-18 is synthesized as a precursor 24-kDa molecule without a signal peptide and must be cleaved to produce an active molecule. IL-1 converting enzyme (ICE, Caspase-1) cleaves pro-IL-18 at aspartic acid in the P1 position, producing the mature, bioactive peptide that is readily released from the cells. It is reported that IL-18 is produced from Kupffer cells, activated macrophages, keratinocytes, intestinal epithelial cells, osteoblasts, adrenal cortex cells and murine diencephalon. IFN-gamma is produced by activated T or NK cells and plays critical roles in the defense against microbiral pathogens. IFN-gamma activates macrophages and enhances NK activity and B cell maturation, proliferation and Ig secretion. IFN- also induces expression of MHC class I and II antigens and inhibits osteoclast activation. IL-18 acts on T helper type-1 (Th1) T cells and in combination with IL-12 strongly induces them to produce IFN-gamma. Pleiotropic effects of IL-18 have also been reported, such as, enhancement production of IFN-gamma and GM-CSF in peripheral blood mononuclear cells, production of Th1 cytokines, IL-2, GM-CSF and IFN-gamma in T cells, enhancement of Fas ligand expression by Th1 cells.</p>
Storage Temperature-20°C. Please refer to datasheet for additional information
Protocols
Components18 kDa
Molecular Weight18 kDa
Regulatory StatementFor Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures.
B001-5
Cytokine
25 µg

$337.73

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